Severity of children’s intellectual disabilities and Medicaid personal care services
(2011, October 3). Severity of children’s intellectual disabilities and Medicaid personal care services. Rehabilitation Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0025619
Objectives: This research investigated the relationship between a child's reported intellectual disability (ID) level and caregivers' reports of the child's health status to predict Medicaid Personal Care Services (PCS) hours authorized for that child. We also investigated how activity limitations in the home varied with the level of ID.
Results: ID level and other individual characteristics had a significant effect on reports of a child's activity limitations (R2 = .67), which in turn affected the hours of PCS authorized (R2 = .27). We found no significant direct relationship between ID level and PCS hours: ID level had an indirect relationship on PCS hours through activity limitations. When the variance in hours authorized was decomposed, individual characteristics accounted for 20% of the variance and case managers accounted for 14%.
Conclusions: Assessments of caregiver and child strengths and limitations in the home are critical in the allocation of Medicaid home-based services, above and beyond the information conveyed by demographic and diagnostic data. Implications for home-based assessments of functional limitations and needs for family caregivers and their children with ID are discussed (abstract from: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2011-22475-001/).